Pair Work vs. Group Work: What's Better For The Learner?
Both pair work and group work have a place in ESL classes.
Using a variety of seating arrangements and groupings of students is important as it allows learners vĩ đại practice different types of things. Working with others gives students the opportunity vĩ đại interact with a variety of people and learn from one another. It also encourages cooperation which will help students get along in class and could reduce the number of student outbursts too.
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The Perfect Balance Between Pair Work And Group Work
Appropriate Activities & Benefits
Pair work is great for practicing model dialogues, playing games such as battleship, conducting vocabulary checks, and completing worksheets. Working in pairs gives individual students a lot of speaking time. If working together, students will often have more confidence than vãn when completing exercises individually. If students are competing with their partners, they will be more motivated. Students can work in groups or size teams for role plays, races, games such as board games or thẻ games, and discussions. Groups give students the opportunity vĩ đại create more complex dialogues, explore relationships between characters, pool knowledge together, and have a more social learning environment. Additionally there is a better chance for self correction or peer correction and for a discussion on a wider range of thoughts and opinions with larger group sizes. On the other hand, individual speaking time is limited when working in groups. You can increase the amount of speaking time students have by decreasing the size of groups vĩ đại three or four people. If you are in a large class and want all the groups vĩ đại present material at the over of the lesson, larger groups may be necessary but limit group size vĩ đại about six.
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Pair work is harder vĩ đại monitor than vãn group work because there are going vĩ đại be many more pairs of students than vãn groups of students. Be sure that everyone has a very clear understanding of the material before beginning any activity. The best way vĩ đại monitor students working in pairs or groups is vĩ đại walk around the classroom during the activity correcting students who make mistakes and answering questions. You can gauge the effectiveness of the activity by doing comprehension tests afterwards. If students are having difficulty with material after completing an activity, it is likely that they practiced incorrect structures during the exercise. This is unfortunate and highlights why it is ví important vĩ đại ensure that students understand material by completing practice exercises as a class before asking them vĩ đại work in pairs or groups. If you find that students have practiced incorrect material, you have vĩ đại review the key points of the target structure again and be sure vĩ đại explain everything more thoroughly before using the same activity with another class.
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If students sit in the same seats for the entire year, they are likely vĩ đại be paired with the same person throughout the course. For pairs that work well together, this is a good thing but usually not everyone benefits from having the same partner for a long period of time. Try vĩ đại change the assigned seating regularly ví that everyone can maximize the amount they learn in class and have an opportunity vĩ đại work with different people. Creating different groups of students is easy especially if seating arrangements change throughout the year. If your class size is under thirty, you may be able vĩ đại group students by row or column for activities. You can also tell students sitting near each other vĩ đại size groups or have students count off for example from one vĩ đại five and then ask students who said the same number vĩ đại size a group. In order vĩ đại better facilitate this method of forming groups, direct students who said each number vĩ đại different areas of the room. Keep in mind that if students count off from one vĩ đại five, there will be only five groups ví you need vĩ đại determine which number will divide your students into appropriately sized groups.
Besides pair work and group work, students can also complete activities individually and as a class.
Mixing up the structure of your activities will keep classes interesting but be sure not vĩ đại waste a lot of time rearranging the classroom. If you make groups for an activity at the beginning of class, it may be best vĩ đại stick with that arrangement for the duration of the lesson.